My.EOU Portal Current Students Faculty/Staff
Video is a complex medium that requires diligence and attention to detail when planning, producing, and remediating projects to ensure that accessibility requirements are met. Users who are deaf or hard of hearing, blind, or deaf-blind use varying methods to consume video content. Because of this, there are a number of techniques that must be used to create videos that are accessible to the broadest range of users possible.
Captions are text readouts of any sounds played on the video. They are synchronized to the audio track, and display on the screen at the same time the sounds are heard. Captions include both spoken word and other significant sounds. EOU uses YouTube to host videos for the eou.edu website, as it natively supports captions.
Manually verify that each video in your content has captions. Verify that the captions are in sync with any audio spoken in the video, and that the captions displayed on screen accurately reflect the dialogue.
Please refer to the links below to learn how to add and edit captions on your YouTube videos.
The WordPress editor interface makes easy work of embedding YouTube videos in pages. Simply select the ‘YouTube’ block from the block selection pane, and embed the URL of your video in the text entry area. Click the ‘Embed’ button, and you’re off to the races! See the screenshots below for reference.
Transcripts are a text-based recording of all the audio on a track. They promote accessibility for people who may need more time to process the information than afforded by captions, and allows users to search the entire text of the video to highlight specific content. Transcripts are useful in the event of technical difficulties; users who are unable to play videos or who have limited bandwidth can more easily use text-based equivalents of the content.
Manually verify that each video has a visible link to its transcripts. Review the transcripts to ensure they contain an accurate recording of the audio played, and text displayed, on the video.
Audio Descriptions are a separate audio track that provide descriptions of the visual content in videos as they play. Whereas captions take the audio components and make them visual, audio descriptions take the visual elements and make them aural.
The intention behind audio descriptions is to take any content that would not be inferred from the audio alone and read it out to the audience. Audio descriptions frequently include text that is displayed on screen, and any visual information that is not explicitly described by the speaker on the video. Not all videos have content that require audio descriptions.
Unlike captions, creating audio descriptions requires more extensive training, and DIY audio descriptions are discouraged.
Unfortunately, most media players, including YouTube and Vimeo, do not currently support audio descriptions.